How Patents Work Today

Many people are confused about how patents work. First of all, one invention may require several patents. Inventions may be a combination of many smaller parts, all of which have to be invented. For example, a light bulb might have several patents–one for the filament, another for the way to carbonize the filament, yet another for the shape of the bulb.

Another patent might show the way to manufacture the bulbs. Of course, that bulb has to fit in a lamp, which gets electric power from a generator somewhere, which passes through wires. All of these parts had to be invented and patented. Also, every time an invention is improved, the inventor must apply for another patent as shown on

Also, remember that patents work differently than copyrights or trademarks. A writer can renew a copyright on his book, but most of the time an inventor cannot renew a patent. There are some exceptions, but not many. In Edison’s lifetime, patents lasted 17 years. Today they last 20 years from the time you file for a patent. Afterward, anyone can copy the patent.

Of course, an inventor could also receive a patent for making a major change or improvement on someone else’s invention. Edison received hundreds of patents for things he improved but did not originally invent: the telegraph, telephone, stock ticker and typewriter are just a few examples.

An invention must be “novel,” or unique, to receive a patent. That means inventions must not be described in printed publications before the patent is awarded. This happened to Edison in 1878 when he filed a patent application at the same time in Great Britain and the United States. The British patent was approved first (number 1644).

Unfortunately, the US Patent Office decided that this constituted prior publication and therefore rejected the US patent application. This had devastating consequences for Edison, because it included several important innovations to the phonograph, including the making of disc-shaped records.

Since the US rejected the patent, Edison’s American competitors were allowed to copy it. If Edison had won the US patent, there might still be an Edison recording company today.

Copies of all United States patents can be ordered from the United States Office of Patents and Trademarks. Learn more about patenting from

Top Weight Loss Tips

Weight Loss Tips And Strategies For Safe, Long Term Weight Loss

Spring is here and summer is fast approaching. With twelve weeks until bathing suit season people are starting to look for weight loss tips so they can easily have weight loss in their most problem areas; stomach, legs, and butt.

The first place people look for solutions to their weight loss issues are fad diets and low-calorie diets that can not sustain our body’s needs. When looking for Bajar de Peso Rápidamente, it is best to look to the experts who are experts in weight loss strategies that keep your weight off and maintain a healthy body. Fad diets may have you get the weight off fast, but come next summer you will be doing the same routine again. Doubling up your work is tough and a well balanced diet with exercise and a slow weight loss is the best and only way to keep the pounds off.

Preparing for your weight loss

Before even taking on a new diet schedule, outline your goals and ambitions before you choose the best regime. Small achievable goals are best to reach success and will maintain your motivation once you have accomplished what you wanted to achieve. Unrealistic goals would be: losing 100 pounds in 8 weeks, going from a size 16 to a size 8 in 4 weeks, achieve weight loss without an exercise program, achieve weight loss without diet changes.

Realistic weight loss goals should define realistic weight loss in a particular time frame. 2 lbs per week is a sustainable amount to lose and will be kept off. Diet alone cannot sustain or create a loss in body fat. The combination, no matter where you are in your program, is essential for body changes. If you are working out at the gym and then stopping by the local bar and having a few beers with your friends, your time is counterproductive. To experience weight loss, small changes to exercise and diet habits will provide the results you are in search of.

If you have been on a weight loss program and have hit a plateau, re-evaluating your current program and adding a few small changes through beneficial weight loss tips will have you reaching your goal weight in no time. If what you are doing is not working then examine, evaluate and change.

Once you determine your goals have a look at these weight loss tips to get you to your weight loss goal.

Top Weight Loss Tips

1. Exercise regularly. This means different things for different people. If you don’t currently exercise, getting up and moving for 15 minutes a day is sufficient. If you have an exercise program, talk to a trainer who can add new exercises for better results.

2. Change your diet. If you are a junk food hound, take one type of food out of your diet per week. If you love McDonald, change out McDonald for a healthier choice three times a week and retain your other food habits. Making one change each week, hamburgers and fries one week, adding pizza to the list the next week, removing submarine sandwiches another, you will eventually have cleared out all the junk food in your diet in just a few weeks. This strategy does not make you feel deprived and slowly cuts out old patterns while introducing new ones.

3. Find support. Weight loss can be a lonely road and has made some people feel isolated. Gather a group of friends who have similar goals and work together. An additional way to do this is to join a weight loss group that will make you accountable for your weekly goals. Exercise is more fun in groups and celebrating your weight loss with others rewarding.

Take action now, start a weight loss program.

Do you know all about the patent process

A patent lasts for a fixed period of twenty years from the date the application for the patent is initially filed with the US Patent and Trademarks Office (USPTO). However, plants and design patents last for a period of fourteen years from the date of filing the patent application.

It can normally take anywhere between one to three years for obtaining a patent depending upon the complexity of the invention. However, once you have applied for a patent, you can advertise patent pending on your inventions/products and start selling them or making commercial use of them as shown in article.

The various steps involved in the patent application process?

The various steps involved in the patent application process are as follows:

Patentability search.
Non-Infringement Analysis.
Drafting and filing the patent application with the Patents and Trademarks Office (USPTO).
Office Action by patent examiner.
Publication of Patent.
Grant of Patent by USPTO.

A patentability search is a search to establish if the invention which is proposed to be patented has already been patented by someone else.

Since novelty is an essential legal requirement for obtaining a patent, performing a patentability search is highly recommended before filing a patent application. A patentability search can save you time and costs of filing a patent application with the trademark and patent office if you discover that your invention has already been patented by someone else.

A U.S. Patent will be enforceable in all jurisdictions where the U.S. law is valid.

Patents are generally valid for the territories where they have been registered. To get a patent registered in a foreign jurisdiction, the routes that are available include the following:

Directly register with the patent office of the foreign country.

Register your patent with a competent authority having jurisdiction over a group of countries, such as, European Patent Office.

Register your patent under WIPO’s Patent co-operation treaty (PCT). The patent filed under PCT will be enforceable in all nations which are party to this international treaty. This patent will be enforceable in all member countries under the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) as you can read from

There are mainly two international treaties that give international protection to patents. They are ‘Paris Convention’ and ‘Patent Co-operation Treaty’ (PCT) administered by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

Patent Law and USPTO Patent Applications

Patent law is an important but often confusing process for those who are looking to secure the rights of an idea or product. It is important for all inventors to completely understand patent law and the process that helps them to achieve that patent.

What a Patent Does

A patent helps to keep your idea safe, giving you the rights to the concept that you have developed. A successful patent will prevent others from marketing or producing that product. The patent also prevents companies from importing goods into the country that are identical to that patent.

Reach of the Patent

Patents provided in the United States are only enforced in the United States, the United States Territories and United States possessions. People or companies in other countries can use an idea unless it is patented in that specific country. It is also important for inventors to understand that patents in the United States only last for 20 years as seen on

During those 20 years, the owner of the patent must be the one to enforce their rights; the government will not seek out and submit lawsuits against those who infringe on patents unless the patent owner raises the issue.

Types of Patents that Fall Under Patent Law

There are three main types of patents that can be filed under patent law: utility, design and plant patents.

  • Utility patents are the most common form of patent, helping to provide rights to those who have invented a “useful” machine, product or process.
  • Design patents help to protect more abstract design details or ideas. This helps to protect those who have come up with characters or book/CD/product designs.
  • Plant patents help to protect the rights of those who have come up with a new variety or hybrid of a plant.

Patent Application Process

The application is the complex process that must be completed correctly in order to secure the patent.

A provisional patent is a simple form that provides a description of the products, processes and ideas themselves.

Non-provisional patents give a more detailed description of the utility to be patented, including photographic or drawn evidence. This patent must be filled within one year of the provisional patent.

Those who are serious about understanding and filling a patent should work with a legal professional. This will help to ensure that the patent is filed in the correct, legal manner as you can read from

Professional SEO design

The best SEO company will also create a perfect professional SEO design that reflects your business, as well as those you want to attract to your site. A lot of thought goes into a design during any type of campaign for online marketing in NY.

It’s easy to turn people off to you or your message, but the best SEO company can avoid that easily, creating a design that blows others out of the water. An SEO marketing firm has the experience necessary to work your videos or pictures into a design, providing your customers with a truly unique experience.

While these are just two of the ways that online marketing in NY can benefit from SEO services NYC, original content and designs are two huge pieces of the puzzle. An SEO marketing firm also specializes in putting the site together. The entire package is why the best SEO company is truly the best.

Choosing the right SEO marketing firm

Using SEO is important to your business, so you want the best SEO company you can find. Choose one that listens to your ideas and has the professionalism and experience to backup any bravado. An SEO marketing firm is only as good as its past successes, so make your decision carefully.

Is Your Invention ready to be Patented

As an inventor, you have ideas flowing through your head at a rapid pace. For some inventors, all of these fantastic ideas can not only help to provide something useful to the world but also mean a profit in hand. Although there are many ideas floating through your head, you should understand what can be patented and what may not work well. The US patent laws are in place to protect people from patents that are not just or that infringe on the rights of other patent holders. Some items are just not something you can patent at all. Knowing the difference is essential to any inventor.

Throughout time, the patent laws have become more specific and clear and therefore, there are several requirements that you have to maintain in order to get a patent.

First, the subject matter you wish to patent, must be patentable. This means that your patent can not be just an idea. An idea is not a working invention and therefore is not patentable. Rather, the idea must be one of the following. It must be a process or a method. It must be a machine. It must be a manufactured article. It must be a product of new composition. Any of these can be a patentable product. Of course, you do not need all of them to be true, just one as shown in article.

There are some items that cannot be patented in this line of thought. For example, you cannot patent a mathematical formula, no naturally occurring substance can be patented and nothing that is considered a law of nature can be patented. More so, any process done completely by the human body cannot be under patent.

Another consideration is what can be patented specifically. For example, any item considered a novelty must be something that is new. It has to be different from anything that is in the current public domain right now. This is known as prior art, which is defined at something that is described in a publication one year prior to the filing of the application or anything that is already in public use or on the market.

The process of filing a patent is a long one and it can be complex, but the process also takes into consideration all of these situations. The process insures that what you patent is something that can be patented and that no one else has patented in the past. By going through this process, you are sure to get your patent in place to protect any invention you have been working on and developing. For more information you can read on

Earn Money Online with Freelance Work

Freelance work is a great online money making activity. Thanks to the Internet, freelance jobs are now available in a worldwide market. Today there are a number of sites that help bring professionals and employers together. More and more employers prefer to hire freelancers for a specific project or business function as a means to decrease costs and increase efficiency.

How can I get started with freelance work?

The first step is to register and post your profile and/or portfolio on several freelance marketing sites. Popular sites include,,,, and many more. Some employers will look at these profiles when hiring for a project and contact potential contractors directly. Employers also post project descriptions including job details, expectations, and budget on these sites. Freelancers interested in being chosen for a specific job can bid or apply for the project. Once a contractor is selected, terms of the project can be discussed via messaging on the site. Once all details are finalized, work can begin on the project.

How much will it cost to join freelance sites?

While you can register with most sites for free, there are sites that charge fees on project bidding, charge a commission on earnings, or require both. Some sites like Elance give out a certain number of free bids per month and offer monthly or quarterly subscriptions which provide additional credits that can be spent to bid on more projects on the site.

Freelance jobs are just a few of the great online money making opportunities out there. Without the constraints of a 9-5 work schedule and the freedom to balance work with the rest of your responsibilities, it is an ideal form of employment for many. For those with steady employment, freelance work can be a great way to make extra money online without conflicting with regular work and for others it can be a source of their primary income with unlimited potential.

If this is not for you, you can always search for the best ways to make money online in India on the internet. You will find a lot different tutorials and guides, so the choice is really huge. You just need to work with the method that suits you most.

Why should I own a Patent?

A patent is form of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) which gives inventors a statutory monopoly over the use of their inventions provided their inventions meet the requirements as prescribed under the law.

A patent is a productive commercial asset. Once you own a patent, you may outright sell it for a good amount of money. You may yourself become the sole manufacturer of your invented product. You may also license your patent to a manufacturer and get license fees on a regular basis as you can read from post.

In order to obtain maximum protection for exclusive control over your invention and intellectual property, you are required to obtain a patent. Moreover, if someone else independently makes a similar invention and obtains a patent on it, then you will be prevented from making use of your invention.

It is not mandatory to hire the services of a patent attorney/patent agent to file a patent application. However, when you have the legal expertise of a patent attorney in drafting and filing your patent application, then the chances of success in your patent application improve vastly.

Hiring the professional services of a Patent agency, such as InventHelp, or a Patent Attorney can save you lot of hassles and money. A wrongly drafted patent application can cost you hundreds, if not thousands of dollars when rejected by the patent and trademark office for subsequent filings.

What is the procedure for getting a patent?

An application is filed, containing a description of the patented subject matter, one or more drawings, and one or more legal descriptions of the patented subject matter called claims. Once the patent is filed, you get a filing date, meaning that you have priority over any other patent filed after that date with the same claimed subject matter.

Sometime in the future, usually between 6 months and 3 years, you will get a response from the patent office. Usually this response could be an office action. An office action lists all of the problems that the examiner found with this patent application, called objections and rejections. These issues could be with the wording of the application or claims themselves, but more likely it is with the application in counterpoint with earlier applications as explained on

The arguments that the examiner usually uses deal with obviousness and lack of novelty. Other grounds would be proof that the invention was in use prior to 12 months before the patent was filed or offered for sale in the US more than 12 months prior to filing. There are others, but the usual arguments made by the examiners deal with obviousness and novelty.

Obviousness means that the examiner would argue that, in light of one or more earlier applications, it would have been “obvious” to someone skilled in building things similar to your subject matter (“skilled in the art”) to make what you have invented. Lack of novelty means that the elements of your claim can be found in one or more prior patents; not in combination, but in each one. The idea of combining multiple references is obviousness not novelty as you can see from

Why Patenting Your Idea Or Invention Is Highly Important

A patent pending refers to awaiting approval of your patent. This is done by the patent agent or patent attorney who will perform what is known as a ‘patent search’ to find out if any other patents of that nature exist, one actually risks legal liability for attempting to patent an already patented idea or invention when one knows that such a patent already exists. This is the first step to patenting your invention idea or getting a pending patent.

Once you have received a pending patent, this can be printed on your product and will keep you safe from people who would otherwise try to mimic your product. This will protect you even if your patent doesn’t go through in the end and will put you ahead of the game.

Why patenting a product is so important is because many out lets that would supply your product will require that it be patented or will require that it be patent pending. Contacting a patenting agency, such as InventHelp, or a patent law firm is the best way to get this done legitimately and without hassle.

The importance of having your product patented is simple. This will stop anyone from trying to duplicate your invention or idea. No one like someone else stealing their own million dollar idea, so make sure to get your million dollar idea patented! This is your intellectual property and no one else should claim it as their own. We all have intellectual property rights that we should investigate with a qualified patent attorney. Patent lawyers will help you in your pursuit of keeping your intellectual property safe and secure.

Contact an intellectual property firm and find out how you can protect what is rightfully yours. Everyone has the right to protect their intellectual property, keep yourself safe from con artists and keep yourself safe from, well, copy essentially.

Intellectual property attorneys are your go-to experts. See to this now before you regret it.