DVD On-Demand or DVD/CD Replication?

Your project is finished and you’re ready to get it out there, what’s the most cost effective way of reproducing your DVD or CD? Duplication is not a “one size fits all” type of thing, there are options.

There are basically two ways to pay for production of your title: up-front, or as orders come in. All else being equal, there are obvious advantages to minimizing your initial expenses. However, there are also reasons why for some projects it makes more sense to spend more up front on a large production run.

Replication is the “traditional” way to manufacture DVDs and CDs for sale. It uses a process of stamping a large number of discs out of molten plastic on a high-capacity press. This is the technique Hollywood uses to produce DVDs in vast quantities, and produces the most compatible end product. This allows the production of discs which are relatively inexpensive each, but it also requires a minimum run of about 1000 pieces. Similarly, the packaging is printed on high-speed presses, thousands of sheets at a time. As a result, you typically spend a couple thousand dollars up-front to go this route.

On-Demand production or CD duplication is a very different approach from replication. In this approach, discs and packaging are made one at a time as orders come in. As a result, your up-front costs are only $50, a tiny fraction of what they’d be with high-volume replication. On the other hand, per-unit prices are higher than they would be with replication, so profitability is lower at higher volumes. Also, a small number of older DVD players may have trouble playing the DVD-R media used in on-demand duplication.

Replication with On-Demand Packaging uses a combination of the techniques above. The discs are replicated in volume. However, instead of printing and packaging everything in boxes immediately, the discs are stored on bulk spindles. Printing and packaging is then handled as orders roll in. This reduces up-front costs considerably, minimizes storage costs, and still yields the high compatibility of replicated discs. Per-unit profit falls between the two options above.

Special Patent Searches

There are several different types of patent searches and opinions that may be created. First, the “search” phase may have different purposes, and second, the “opinion” phase may be directed to different needs.

Patentability Search – For the patentability search and opinion, the purpose is to determine if an invention is disclosed in other references, such as patents or other publications. That is, do other patents or publications teach how to make the invention, either within a single patent or publication, or through a combination of patents and publications that are in the same general technical field (called a “field of art” in the patent vernacular).

The reasons for performing a patentability search are that the United States Patent & Trademark office (USPTO) will reject a patent application for lack of novelty if it is completely taught within a single reference patent or publication, or if they deem the invention to be obvious, through a combination of other patents and/or publications.

Because the claims in a patent or published patent application must be supported by a description in the specification portion of the patent and in the drawings, a patentability search and opinion focuses on the text and drawings to determine whether the subject invention has been taught before. If the entire invention is found disclosed within a single patent, the opinion will reflect that the subject invention lacks novelty as you can read from https://www.hngn.com/articles/227862/20200113/what-can-the-experts-at-inventhelp-do-for-you.htm.

If all the features of the subject invention are not found in a single patent, but can be found in two or more patents or other publications in the same field of art, the opinion will reflect that the subject invention lacks non-obviousness. If a single feature of the invention cannot be found within the references located during the search, the opinion will reflect that the invention should be patentable. While experienced searchers will generally find nearly all of the references that might be applicable towards a particular invention, it is always possible that a reference may be overlooked.

Additionally, an examiner at the USPTO may believe that a reference discloses something different than the view of the person who wrote the opinion. Further, an examiner at the USPTO is at liberty to select any reference, that is, any published material that may exist. Thus the examiner may draw upon publications that are not patents or patent applications.

Additionally, during the patent examination process, patent applications are secret for a period of time (typically 18 months), during which no one outside the USPTO can access them to determine whether they might impact the patentability of a particular invention. Lastly, an examiner may draw upon foreign references. While an exhaustive search of foreign patents, patent applications and other non-patent published material may be made, such would come at a typically prohibitive cost and it is all explained in details on https://millennialmagazine.com/2020/01/13/dont-give-up-on-your-invention-idea-turn-to-inventhelp/.

Accordingly, during the search portion for a patentability opinion for filing of an application for a United States patent, only a search of U.S. patents and patent applications that are published will be made. Further, such patentability search may be limited to a particular time frame, typically since 1976, because U.S. patents prior to 1976 are only stored as image files at the USPTO and may not be keywords searchable.

Patents prior to 1976 are typically searched by the classification number in which the fall along with the title of the invention, which can be searched by keyword. It should be noted that the USPTO me soon require foreign searches to be made as part of a special process to accelerate the examination of a patent application. However, the scope of such foreign search has not yet been defined and may add substantially to the costs of obtaining a search for this purpose.

How to License Your Invention

The adage that if you “build a better mousetrap, the world will beat a path to your door” has long been discredited. The reality is that it takes money and proactive effort to manufacture, market and distribute a new product, even if it is the proverbial better mousetrap.

Given the effort required, many inventors either don’t have the resources or are just not interested in taking their invention to market. They’re inventors, after all, not business tycoons. How then does an inventor profit from his or her patents? One way is through licensing.

Difference Between Licensing and Assignment

A license is a contract between the patent owner and another party in which the patent owner promises not to sue the other party for using the invention as long as the other party uses the invention according to the terms of the contract as you can read from https://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/43137/20200108/why-inventhelp-is-a-great-resource-for-new-inventors.htm. The patent owner still owns the patent and is merely extending certain limited rights to the other party, usually in exchange for fees or royalties of one form or another.

An assignment, on the other hand, is a transfer of ownership interest in the patent. If an inventor assigns a patent to another party, the inventor has no further rights in the patent. A patent can be assigned in whole or in part, and it can be assigned conditionally or unconditionally. When assigned, the assignee becomes the new patent owner and you can read more about it from https://www.latinpost.com/articles/143207/20200108/why-new-inventors-need-assistance-from-inventhelp.htm.

Who Will License Your Invention?

Because an invention must be useful to be patented, it shouldn’t be difficult to identify who would find it useful.

For example, if your invention is a consumer product, then a manufacturer of similar consumer products may want your new product to add to their catalog and boost their sales.

If you’ve perfected some industrial product or process, then companies in that industry may want to take advantage of what you’ve created to lower their costs or gain a competitive advantage.

It may take research, but if you can uncover 40 to 50 companies who can financially benefit from your invention, you have a good chance of finding at least one who is interested in licensing it from you.

Choosing Power Tools

They say that renovation never stops once you get started. Of course, this is a joke, which however, hints on challenges every homeowner is destined to face on this way. Even if you are the best DIY expert in your neighborhood you will face the same problems, especially with choosing power tools.

On the one hand, one may think that purchasing and using power tolls is a breeze. Yes, there are lots of tools and gear for homeowners these days. You can buy them online and offline. There are plenty of brands, from recognized market leaders such as Black and Decker to unknown Asian companies that seem to offer decent products at low prices. Often, homeowners, especially inexperienced ones, face huge problems with choosing necessary gear. Down the page are typical mistakes in buying power instruments.

Expensive means quality. Yes, this is a true statement. Expensive tools are reliable. However, often, you have to overpay just because you are about to purchase an instrument by a famous manufacturer. Look around you! There are dozens of cheaper brands that offer same quality products. So, why overpay? This is not to say that you have to choose the least expensive products. However, be reasonable and reap benefits online shopping offers you. Even the famous brands have different tools with different prices. For example Black and Decker rtx rotary tool – compare prices and specs, and then make your decision.

I need tools for professionals. Many homeowners make a mistake of buying stuff for professional contractors, i.e. people who intensively use instruments every day. If you need a cordless drill once a month, you do not need a $1,000 kit meant for contractors who drill stone and iron. Yes, such instruments are reliable. However, it will look like buying a giant truck just to drive your kids to school. Why overpay for features and performance characteristics you will never need? Be smart! It is your money after all! For example, you may opt for a simple lawn mower if you use it once a month. Sure, if you want to earn money by mowing lawns of your neighbors you should invest in a more expensive tool.

Sales people will recommend the best value for my money. Yes, some sales representatives are experts in home renovation. However, do not forget how these people make money. They earn their living by selling expensive stuff. That is why it is important to be able to make an unbiased decision based solely on your real needs and budget limits.

Best time to travel to Peru

When planning travel to Peru you may be wondering when is the best time to book.

Peru is a large country with three completely different climatic zones so the preferred season to visit one area is not necessarily the best to visit another!

Peru’s three climatic zones are the coastal desert, the Andes Mountains and the Amazon Rainforest. Please see below for specific information regarding the different areas.

Please note that weather is very different to climate. Climate is the general weather patterns that an area experiences. We all know that the weather can be changeable and not follow the rules, so it can rain in the dry season or be unseasonably good weather in the wet season.

There is always an element of luck when it comes to weather but we can at least use climatic averages to put the odds in our favor!

Andes Mountains

The Andes Mountains generally experience clear, sunny weather during the dry season of May to September. Days are fairly warm although nights can be very cold due to the altitude. This is the peak tourist season for Peru tours so you can expect more people and slightly higher flight and hotel costs.

From March to April and October to December there will be some rain although mornings are often clear and the rain generally falls in the afternoon. Please note that the period over Christmas is a very popular time to take tours of Peru and hotels can fill up, so book well in advance.

January and February are the wettest months in the mountains with rain almost guaranteed every day which can be heavy and consistent. If you are planning on trekking on tours of Peru you should avoid these months. Also note that the famous classic Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is closed during February.

Coastal desert

The best time to visit the coast is actually the worst time for the mountains! Between November and March it is generally sunny and clear, particularly between December and March when it can be very hot.

Between April and October there is often a sea mist which can leave the southern coastal region overcast and even damp although it very rarely rains.

The coast however can be visited at any time of year.

Amazon Jungle

The jungle is generally hot and humid all year round although it is cooler and drier between May and October which is the best time to go on Peru Amazon tours. This is roughly the same recommended period for the mountain regions. Do please note however that the amazon can experience occasional cold snaps during this period.

November to April is the wet season when the jungle can experience very heavy rain, particularly from December to March. It is also hotter and more humid during this time.

The History of Urn Burial

Over time, remains of deceased have been handled in many ways. The degree of funeral practices depended upon the deceased’s culture, religious or family beliefs and political importance. Remains were often prepared and buried in graves of different magnitudes, such as elaborate tombs or shallow graves of the earth. Historically, cremation urns were often used as a memorial for a loved one or an enemy. Many cultures used burial urns or jars to bury their deceased, containing deceased skeletal remains or ashes.

Burial Urns and Controversy

Researchers believed that cremation, a practice used to assist in burying the deceased, began in the early Stone Age era in Europe. Cremation became more widespread over the following few centuries accumulating countries and cultures all over the world. Christianity nearly put a complete stop to cremation practices with the belief that deceased persons should be traditionally buried. Exceptions were made when necessity arose for health reasons, such as during the period of the black plague. In 1873 Professor Brunetti invented a cremation chamber, once again making cremation a popular choice for funeral techniques.

Cremation in Religious Practice

China was one country reluctant to succumb to the practices of cremation due to their strong beliefs of the afterlife. The Chinese believed in body preservation, adding items of importance to the coffin in order to make the afterlife more comfortable for their ancestors. The Chinese believed the soul stayed close to the body and if left unhappy, the soul could become a dangerous ghost. It wasn’t until later, just before Buddhism was introduced into Chinese culture that the resistance of cremation began to change. Funeral urns containing the ashes Chinese ancestors began being placed in tombs, decorated much like a home and containing items of family importance.

Burial Urns Discovered

In 1876 and further into the 1910’s over 160 urns were discovered at an archaeological dig located at a burial ground in India. The burial urns exposed were made of pottery, illustrating many animals, some with illustrations of gold crowns. In a rare find, there was an appliqué depicting a detailed storyline. These particular urns were buried with several iron and copper objects, arrowheads, axes, and spearheads. Inside, the burial urns contained skeletal remains consistently found in a squatting position, indicating that cremation was not practiced as part of urn burial in this ancient Indian culture.

Personalized Burial Urns

From ancient times to today, personalizing urns has been a significant choice for funerals. Burial urns come in a wide variety of materials and styles made of ceramic, marble, glass, metal, wood, or bronze. Metal or bronze is more often used for urns intended to be buried underground. In modern times, urns continue to be designed to follow religious or family practices. However, there are many varieties to choose from, such as military urns, biker urns, natural urns, traditional urns etc. Smaller burial urns are preferred for children’s ashes and larger urns are intended for more than one person.

For centuries burial urns have been an important part of funeral burial practices in many cultures. Burial urns from ancient ancestors will continue to be uncovered while more modern day cremation practices and personalized urns will allow people to prolong celebrating loved ones memories who passed before us.

What is a Patentable Invention?

Inventions that can be patented include machines, methods of manufacture, compositions of matter, processes, and improvements over already existing devices or methods.

Non-patentable items include printed matter (can be copyrighted), naturally occurring substances, scientific principles or laws of nature, and non-functionally interconnected grouping of objects as you can find on https://inspirationfeed.com/how-inventhelp-can-help-you-protect-your-invention/ article.

Pure algorithms cannot be patented. However, software can be patented because it can run on a digital computer – that is, software is a method of using a digital computer.

Atomic bombs cannot be patented. However, other applications of nuclear technology in areas such as medicine or power generation can be patented.

To be patentable, an invention must be new and useful. Well known and/or already patented ideas are not patentable. Furthermore, new ideas which are nevertheless obvious to a person having ordinary skill in the art are not patentable. The invention must have utility, be capable of operating as intended, and must fulfill a legal purpose.

Once a person has the official right or privilege granted by their patent idea, it is up to them how they will proceed with their invention. Many inventors take their patent idea and work on it independently, while others enlist the help of professional patenting agencies, like InventHelp, to do the heavy lifting for them.

Payday loans to cover your expenses

With today’s economic, it’s hard to cover all your bills with your monthly salary. Even though you can plan ahead to ensure that your finances are in order, in case unforeseen situations arises, which can also be expensive, you can easily face difficulties. You may also consider borrowing from your friends and relatives although most people consider that option as their last. Other financing methods available include credit cards, payday loans, and brokers.

Personal loans and credit cards were the only viable options that most people in Singapore considered in the past. The personal loans from brokers are hard to obtain while credit cards run up large bills a situation that make the two choices unattractive even though there are people who believe that the process of obtaining the loans is simple. The payday loan is another option which most individuals see as the best. There are many benefits associated with it.

It’s quick and easy to obtain. The whole process could be done online. The process of obtaining a payday loan is faster as compared to the personal loan from brokers and credit card. After you have applied for the loan you will get the money in your account within a very short time. Generally, the average waiting time is one hour or even less. You can hardly expect such speeds when dealing with a broker or a bank.

Crawfort is the leading money lender in Singapore. With affordable interest rates and different types of loans to choose from, you can ask for quotes and apply for the loan you choose pretty fast and online.

Diamond Engagement Rings Say It All

Diamond engagement rings are a must. It really isn’t an engagement ring unless it’s a diamond engagement ring. Diamond engagement rings are the only way to say “I love you and always will” if you want to do it properly.

Engagement rings go back a long way, s not so far. No-one is exactly sure where the tradition of using rings to demonstrate a commitment in marriage started. Some think it goes back to caveman times when a man tied his woman’s feet and hands with rushes to prevent her escaping, then substituted these for a rush band around her finger once he was happy she wasn’t going to run away. No-one really knows. But diamond engagement rings are certainly here to stay. For many a diamond 訂婚戒指 is the only engagement ring.

The use of diamond engagement rings is not so old. Diamonds were discovered in India about 800bc but it was only around the 15th century that diamonds came into common use in diamond engagement rings. And even then diamond engagement rings were very expensive.

And did you know that during US colonial times jewelry was banned as being morally worthless! Instead a thimble was given to women by men as a symbol of their commitment. I’m sure that modern women would prefer diamond engagement rings to thimbles!!

So if it’s a magnificent diamond engagement ring that you’re after then you’re speaking her language.

Cigarettes Online

Increased prices of cigarettes are really annoying smokers. The reason of such increase are the additional taxes and the surcharges that the Government has imposed on tobacco and thus on all kinds of brands of the cigarettes. In the meantime, the option of buying cigarettes online has really helped people in buying cigarettes at minimum costs.

With the help of the internet, anyone can easily order any type of cigarette from around the world. A smoker can easily choose from thousands of brands presented on the internet. With this online service, one can easily get high quality cigarettes at a very reasonable price as compared to the local market prices, in different regions. Due to the unrestricted availability of different kinds of brands on the internet, everybody can easily buy cigarettes online from anywhere around the globe.

Some of the popular brands that are available online are the Marlboro, Parliament, Winston and the Camel Cigarettes. These cigarettes are available at very low prices because they are completely free from any kind of tax, which could be applied if bought from any local market. Most people might interpret the meaning of the cheap cigarettes in a wrong way. The true meaning of the availability of the cheap cigarettes is simply into that they are offered at very low prices. It does not mean that you will get their low priced cigarettes only by compromising with its quality. All of the online cigarette websites are promising to provide their customers with high quality cigarettes having factory fresh tobacco even with the cheap rates.